Different Types Of Electricity
Electricity is one of the finest inventions in our lives. Everything and anything that we see runs on one or the other form of electricity. Electricity is a concept that many are unfamiliar with. Electricity for such people is to switch the button on, the appliance starts to work, switch the button off and that’s it. The importance is understood when the electricity goes off.
There are two main types of electricity, Static Electricity, generated by rubbing two or more objects causing to build up friction, Current Electricity, generated by the flow of electrical charge through a conductor across an electrical field.
There are basic types of sources used to generate electricity and are further divided into two categories; renewable & new-renewable sources.
- Fossil Fuels 67% (Non-Renewable Source): Coal 41%, Natural Gas 21% & Oil 5.1%
- Renewable Energy 16%
- Mainly Hydroelectric 92%: Wind 6%, Geothermal 1%, Solar 1%
- Nuclear Power 13%
- Other Sources 3% (Biofuels, biomass and other un-identified data)
Static Electricity is nothing but the contact between equal amount of protons and electrons (positively and negatively charged subatomic particles). In order to make this friction work the particles are supposed to be of opposite nature (+,-). If two same-kind particles i.e. positive-positive or negative-negative, it would then be called as a ‘Non-friction’.
Current Electricity is a flow of electric charge across an electrical field. This current is lead through a conductor. The conductors are generally of two types, Good and Bad conductors. Good conductors are the ones which let the electric charge flow through them (Copper wires) and the bad conductors are the ones which resists the electric charge (Wood). The constant flow of electric charge causes the conductor to heat up very often.
Hydro Electricity is generated by harnessing the power of moving water. It is manufactured in large power generating stations using the same basic principle of a small grist mill yet on a much larger and vastly improved scale for better efficiency. Electrical generators are attached to huge turbine devices which spin at great speeds as a result of water rushing through them.
The Micro-Hydro Electricity was generated to supply electricity for rural areas in Nepal, Vietnam & China. This technology is being introduced in India through the Pradhan Mantri Gram Vidyut Yojna by PM Narendra Modi. It is believed that Micro-Hydro fastens the pace of electrification. On current basis, 95% of villages in India need to be electrified. To electrify 1 Lakh villages, 1-2GW of electricity has to be generated. In between these issues our Gorilla Fan promises you to consume very less amount of energy and is a complete game-changer.
Solar Electricity is generated with the only power that has been in existence since the living breathed on this planet, the huge and singular source named as Sun. The sun rays are the only source in Solar Electricity. It is generated with the help of Photovoltaic (PV) technology by converting solar energy into solar electricity from sunlight. PV Systems use sunlight to power ordinary electrical equipments for example: household appliances, computers & lightings.
A PV cell consists of two or more thin layers of semi-conducting material, most commonly silicon. Monocrystalline silicon cells, Multicrystalline cells, Thick film silicon, Amorphous silicon and other thin films consisting a number of similar materials such as cadmium telluride (CdTe) and copper indium diselenide (CIS), are some types of PV cells that are being used in the PV modules.
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