How to install a ceiling fan?
Do you call your electrician to install your TV, washing machine etc? Most of us don’t. But when it comes to ceiling fans, most of us are still at the electrician’s mercy. And with electricians charging Rs 250-Rs 300 for installing, it is time that we start installing the fans ourselves.
Ceiling fan is one of the most neglected but commonly used appliance. And the ceiling fan’s installation is no rocket science. With this post you can learn how to install your ceiling fan. It is essential that before the installation you have all the tools and material required to install the ceiling fan. A small checklist is as follows:
1. Fan Body and Blade
2. Shackle/Mounting Kit
3. Down Rod
6. Stripping Plier and plier
7. Insulation Tape
Turn off the power to your existing ceiling fan from switch board or main circuit box. Ensure with a tester that no power is flowing through the wires for safety. If you are replacing your fan, make sure you insulate the ends of the wire with an insulation tape.
In case you are replacing your fan disconnect the old fixture. You need to remove the old fan from the top where it is connected. There is a possibility that fans which have not been serviced for more than 10 years will not come of easily, in such cases you can use mechanical oil or hammer the screw to bolt it off. In case of any hammering or heating operation make sure no one is standing under the fan. The older fans can weigh upto 25 Kgs which increases the possibility of any accident. Make sure while removing the fan there is someone to hold the fan to reduce the chances of accident or damages.
Take the new ceiling fan and mount the shaft to the down rod. You may view the images to understand how to make the connections. To mount you have to insert the down rod in the direction of the motor. Insert the screw to assemble the shaft and the down rod. Insert washer, nut and R-pin as show in the image below.
Once the motor is mounted to the down rod. The blades need to be mounted to the motor. Align the holes on the blade shank with motor holes. Securely fasten the blade with the screws provided.
Once the entire fan is mounted insert the canopies through the downrod. Both the canopies need to be inserted in opposite direction facing outwards, such that the lower canopy covers the lower part of the mounting and the upper canopy covers the upper mounting.
The minimum distance between the fan blade and the ceiling needs to be at least 1 feet. This is extremely essential for optimal performance and safety of the users. Any appliance near the fan needs to be feet away from the blade of the fan. The fan must be hung at least 7 feet of clearance from the floor to the blades.
Securely attach the shackle to the hanger or ceiling U-hook using the screws provided with the package. Fasten the nut and make sure that you put the safety nut, washer and the R-pin to prevent slipping. Adjust the top canopy such that it covers the assembly and the connections.
Insert the wires coming from mains through the top hole of the down rod. The top canopy can then be shifted up to cover the wire connections. Take the wires out from the bottom hole of the down rod. Securely connect the RED wire to the phase/live and BLACK wire to neutral coming from mains as shown in the adjacent image. Securely fasten the screws on the connector to avoid any sparks due to poor connections.
Generally, there is no earth wire connected for a fan. It is advisable though to connect earth wire to the shackle kit so as to reduce chances of a shock in case of physical contact.
The final inspection:
Any connection to wires must be securely sealed using the electrical insulation tapes to prevent any shock of fire hazard.
Installation of BLDC Fan:
The installation of BLDC ceiling fan is similar to a normal fan. The only minor difference is if the version of the fan is controlled by a remote control, then in that case the existing regulator needs to be bypassed. This can be generally done by opening the switch board and directly connecting the live wire to switch. Make sure you either remove the regulator and if still mounted insulate the wires coming from the regulator.
BLDC fans being the most energy efficient ceiling fans will surely be the future of ceiling fans. But with the installation being as simple as ordinary ceiling fans, there is nothing to worry.