India’s Smallest Biggest Problem – Mosquitoes

Apart from the fact that mosquitoes are very annoying and itchy, they also are a source of a number of deadly diseases. India is a developing country where 17 percent of the urban crowd lives in slums and about 72 percent of India’s population resides in rural areas.

Here are some of the mosquito-borne diseases:

  • Dengue
  • Dengue is caused by four closely related viruses which can affect a single person several times in their life. Its symptoms include high fever, headache, pain behind the eyes, rashes, nausea, vomiting and joint pains.

  • Malaria
  • Malaria is caused by four species of the genus Plasmodium – P. falciparum, P. vivax, P. malariae and P. ovale. P. falciparum is the deadliest as it affects the brain. Single drug to cure malaria is ineffective because of which a cocktail of drugs is used to control infection.

  • Japanese encephalitis
  • JE infects the central nervous system including the brain and spinal cord. The issue with a JE infection is that its symptoms are very mild or none at all. 30 out of 100 infected people die of this infection.

  • Chikungunya
  • The Aedes aegypti mosquito spreads Chikungunya. Its symptoms include headache, fatigue, fever, vomiting, nausea and joint pain. There is no vaccine for the treatment of Chikungunya although it doesn’t kill.

  • Lymphatic filariasis
  • Lymphatic filariasis damages the lymphatic system and causes swollen limbs. This is spread by parasitic filarial worms, Brugia malayi and Brugia timori.

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