Wind Power in India
Around 1910, the first wind turbines were built in Europe. Later, the development of wind power in India began in the 1986 with first wind farms being set up in coastal areas of Maharashtra, Gujarat and Tamil Nadu with 55kW Vestas wind turbines. The capacity has significantly increased in the last few years.
India has the fourth largest installed wind power capacity in the world following Denmark and US. In 2009-10 India had the highest growth rate amongst all four top countries.
Wind power accounts nearly 8.6% of India’s total installed power generation capacity and generated 28,604 million Kwh (MU) in the fiscal year 2015-16 which is nearly 2.5% of total electricity generation.
The utility scale wind turbine range from about $1.3 million to $2.2 million per MW of nameplate capacity installed. Although the initial cost is expensive but it is fairly cheap to be maintain once the turbines are in work and the cost drops generously in monsoon.
Tamil Nadu’s wind power capacity is around 35% of India’s total. Nadu has the total capacity is 1500MW, which is the largest in India. As per TEDA (Tamil Nadu Energy Development Agency), the total installed capacity in Tamil Nadu is 7253MW. Maharashtra is one of the prominent states that installed wind power projects after Tamil Nadu in India. In 2014 installed capacity of wind energy was 4167.26 MW. Maharashtra Energy Development Agency has over 50 developers registered for developments of wind power projects.
Gujarat government’s focus on tapping renewable energy has led to sharp rise in the wind power capacity in the last few years. A staggering ten times in just six years was noted according to the official data. Times of India reposted 2356 MW in 2012. MP has sanctioned another 15 MW projects to MP Windfarms Ltd. 55MW production of wind power is installed in Kerala. Odisha and West Bengal’s current capacity stands at 2.10 MW and 0.5MW projects have been sanctioned.
Wind Power energy is the most cost efficient form of energy. Many villages are running on the power generated by the turbines. It is assumed that in the near future a huge number of developers sanctioning hefty projects would help wind power stand next to solar and hydro electricity.
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